The Role of Mitochondrial Ca2+ Transport and Matrix Ca2+ in Signal Transduction in Mammalian Tissues

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Jul 25;1018(2-3):287-91. doi: 10.1016/0005-2728(90)90269-a.

Abstract

The pyruvate, NAD(+)-isocitrate and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenases are key regulatory enzymes in intramitochondrial oxidative metabolism in mammalian tissues, and can all be activated by increases in Ca2+ in the micromolar range. There is now mounting evidence that hormones and other stimuli which act by increasing cytosolic Ca2+ also, as a result, cause increases in mitochondrial matrix Ca2+ and hence activation of these enzymes, suggesting that the primary physiological function of mitochondrial Ca2(+)-transport is to be involved in this relay mechanism. This may also explain how in such circumstances rates of ATP production may be increased to meet the greater demand, but without any decreases in ATP/ADP occurring.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase Complex / metabolism
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*

Substances

  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex
  • Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
  • Ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase Complex
  • Calcium