Temporomandibular disorders, otologic symptoms and depression levels in tinnitus patients

J Oral Rehabil. 2012 Apr;39(4):239-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2011.02266.x. Epub 2011 Oct 28.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and otologic symptoms in patients with and without tinnitus. The influence of the level of depression was also addressed. The tinnitus group was comprised of 100 patients with tinnitus, and control group was comprised of 100 individuals without tinnitus. All subjects were evaluated using the research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) to determine the presence of TMD and depression level. Chi-square, Spearman Correlation and Mann-Whitney tests were used in statistical analysis, with a 5% significance level. TMD signs and symptoms were detected in 85% of patients with tinnitus and in 55% of controls (P≤0·001). The severity of pain and higher depression levels were positively associated with tinnitus (P≤0·001). It was concluded that tinnitus is associated with TMD and with otalgia, dizziness/vertigo, stuffy sensations, hypoacusis sensation and hyperacusis, as well as with higher depression levels.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / complications*
  • Dizziness / complications
  • Earache / complications
  • Facial Pain / complications
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss / complications
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / complications
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Tinnitus / complications
  • Tinnitus / epidemiology*
  • Vertigo / complications
  • Young Adult