APC modeling of smoking prevalence among US adolescents and young adults

Am J Health Behav. 2011 Jul;35(4):416-27. doi: 10.5993/ajhb.35.4.4.


Objective: To investigate the association of age, period, and cohort with the changing pattern of cigarette smoking among youth and young adults for better planning tobacco control in the United States.

Methods: Age-period-cohort analysis of the 1990-2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data.

Results: Rates of lifetime and 30-day smoking for adolescents fluctuated between 1990 and 1996 before they declined; the same rates for young adults progressively increased until 2002 before declining. There were significant cohort effects on changes in the prevalence rates of cigarette smoking.

Conclusions: The cohort effects on smoking underscore the need for sustained tobacco control policies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Health Surveys / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Peer Group
  • Prevalence
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Time Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult