Men's knowledge and beliefs about colorectal cancer and 3 screenings: education, race, and screening status

Am J Health Behav. 2011 Sep;35(5):525-34. doi: 10.5993/ajhb.35.5.2.


Objective: To compare how education, race, and screening status affected men's knowledge about colorectal cancer and their views of 3 screenings: the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 65 African American and white men with diverse education backgrounds with similar numbers screened and unscreened.

Results: Education was associated with knowledge about colorectal cancer and the colonoscopy. Screening status and education were related to FOBT knowledge. Men knew little about the sigmoidoscopy.

Conclusion: Intervention programs should tailor education about colorectal cancer and screening by educational attainment levels, not by race.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Early Detection of Cancer / methods
  • Early Detection of Cancer / psychology*
  • Educational Status*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology*
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Men's Health
  • Middle Aged