[Translation and adjustment into Spanish language of the screening tool for mild cognitive impairment]

Med Clin (Barc). 2012 Apr 21;138(10):429-34. doi: 10.1016/j.medcli.2011.08.007. Epub 2011 Oct 29.
[Article in Spanish]


Background and objectives: The Test Your Memory (TYM) scale is a screening tool, which assesses mild cognitive impairment (MCI). It has shown better psychometric outcomes than the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). We aimed to translate and adjust into Spanish a conceptually equivalent version.

Subjects and method: Translation-back translation method, complemented with qualitative methods, and pilot survey with 42 healthy Spanish people from different group of age to ensure the right comprehension.

Results: While translating, 54% of the items presented no difficulty at all; 27%, medium difficulty; 18% high difficulty. Some adaptations were made for cultural, grammatical and conceptual reasons. The pilot survey showed a good comprehension of the test.

Conclusions: The TYM test could be a good choice for detecting MCI in the Spanish population and could resolve the problems caused by the limitations of the MMSE.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / diagnosis*
  • Comprehension
  • Culture
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Male
  • Memory Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Psychometrics
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Spain / epidemiology
  • Speech Disorders / diagnosis
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Translating
  • Young Adult