Combination antiretroviral therapy with protease inhibitors in HIV-infected pregnancy

J Perinat Med. 2011 Nov 2;40(1):51-5. doi: 10.1515/JPM.2011.111.


Objective: To evaluate the possible association between protease inhibitor (PI) and premature birth and low birth-weight in HIV-infected pregnancies.

Materials and methods: Data were collected retrospectively for maternal and pregnancy characteristics, antiretroviral medication, lowest CD4 count and highest viral load during pregnancy, and pregnancy outcomes. χ(2) Analysis, Student's t-test, and multiple logistic regression analysis were performed.

Results: Data from 161 HIV-infected women who delivered singleton gestation were analyzed. Fifty-three received an antepartum regimen with PI, 84 received a regimen without PI, and six did not receive antepartum treatment. The mean estimated gestational age (EGA)± SD at delivery was 37.7 ± 3.2 weeks. The premature birth rate was 18.4%. No difference was detected between women receiving the antiretroviral regimen including PI and those on the regimen without PI or on no antepartum medication with regard to: EGA ± SD at delivery (37.7 ± 3.2 vs. 37.6 ± 3.1 weeks, respectively, P=0.87), rate of premature birth (14% vs. 20.6%, respectively, P=0.32) and low birth-weight (12.5% vs. 20.2%, respectively, P=0.25). In multiple logistic regression analysis, PI was not associated with premature birth or low birth-weight.

Conclusion: Women receiving antiretroviral therapy with PI have a similar rate of premature birth and low birth-weight as women receiving antiretroviral therapy without PI or on no medication.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active*
  • Birth Weight / drug effects*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / drug therapy*
  • Premature Birth / chemically induced*
  • Protease Inhibitors / adverse effects*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult


  • Protease Inhibitors