Dietary selenium regulation of transcript abundance of selenoprotein N and selenoprotein W in chicken muscle tissues

Biometals. 2012 Apr;25(2):297-307. doi: 10.1007/s10534-011-9502-x. Epub 2011 Nov 2.


Selenium (Se), selenoprotein N (SelN) and selenoprotein W (SelW) play a crucial role in muscle disorders. Se status highly regulates selenoprotein mRNA levels. However, few attempts have been performed on the effect of dietary Se supplementation on muscle SelN and SelW mRNA levels in birds. To investigate the effects of Se on the regulation of SelN and SelW mRNA levels in muscle tissues, one-day-old male chickens were fed either a commercial diet or a Se-supplemented diet containing 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 or 5.0 mg/kg sodium selenite for 90 days. Muscle tissues (breast, flight, thigh, shank and cardiac muscles) were collected and examined for Se content and mRNA levels of SelN and SelW. Moreover, Selenophosphate synthetase-1 (SPS-1) and selenocysteine-synthase (SecS) mRNA levels were analyzed. Significant increases in SelN mRNA levels were obtained in breast, thigh and shank muscles treated with Se, with maximal effects at 3.0 mg Se/kg diet, but 2.0 mg Se/kg diet resulted in peak levels of Sel N mRNA in flight muscles. Changes in SelW mRNA abundance in thigh and shank muscles increased in response to Se supply. After reaching a maximal level, higher Se supplementation led to a reduction in both SelN and SelW mRNAs. However, SelN and SelW mRNA levels displayed a different expression pattern in different skeletal and cardiac muscles. Thus, it suggested that skeletal and cardiac muscles SelN and SelW mRNA levels were highly regulated by Se supplementation and different muscle tissues showed differential sensitivity. Moreover, Se supplementation also regulated the levels of SPS1 and SecS mRNAs. The mRNA levels of SPS1 and SecS were enhanced in the Se supplemented groups. These data indicate that Se regulates the expression of SelN and SelW gene and affect the mRNA levels of SecS and SPS1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chickens
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism*
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis*
  • Selenium / administration & dosage*
  • Selenoprotein W / genetics*
  • Selenoproteins / genetics*


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Selenoprotein W
  • Selenoproteins
  • Selenium