A contemporary review of seafood allergy

Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2012 Jun;42(3):365-85. doi: 10.1007/s12016-011-8284-9.


Seafood is common item in the world diet; Asian countries have the highest rates of fish consumption in the world, which is higher than world average. Several studies have been conducted on the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of seafood allergy in different countries, and some of the fish and seafood allergens unique to those regions have been characterized. Review on published data showed that seafood allergy is very ubiquitous in some regions of the world. Fish and shellfish are the most common seafood that cause adverse allergic reactions among nations; the symptoms ranged from oral allergy syndromes to urticaria and anaphylaxis. The major identified allergens are parvalbumin in fish and tropomyosin in shellfish. Nevertheless, such studies are lacking from some regions with high fish and seafood consumption. Furthermore, the published data are mostly from small groups of populations, which large-scale epidemiological studies need to be performed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Africa / epidemiology
  • Allergens / immunology
  • Animals
  • Asia / epidemiology
  • Crustacea / immunology
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Fishes / immunology
  • Food Hypersensitivity / diagnosis
  • Food Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Mollusca / immunology
  • Prevalence
  • Seafood / adverse effects*
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Allergens