Exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic fields (100 kHz-2 GHz) in Extremadura (Spain)

Health Phys. 2011 Dec;101(6):739-45. doi: 10.1097/HP.0b013e31821fd1ec.


The last decade has seen a rapid increase in people's exposure to electromagnetic fields. This paper reports the measurements of radiofrequency (RF) total power densities and power density spectra in 35 towns of the region of Extremadura, Spain. The spectra were taken with three antennas covering frequencies from 100 kHz to 2.2 GHz. This frequency range includes AM/FM radio broadcasting, television, and cellular telephone signals. The power density data and transmitting antenna locations were stored in a geographic information system (GIS) as an aid in analyzing and interpreting the results. The results showed the power density levels to be below the reference level guidelines for human exposure and that the power densities are different for different frequency ranges and different size categories of towns.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cities / statistics & numerical data
  • Electromagnetic Fields*
  • Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Radiation Monitoring / statistics & numerical data*
  • Radio Waves
  • Spain