Thoughts on the nature of identity: disorders of sex development and gender identity

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2011 Oct;20(4):627-38. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2011.07.007.


Children with disorders of sex development have similarities to, but also marked contrasts with, children with normal anatomy but who have gender dysphoria. Understanding gender identity development in children with sex disorders will probably help us understand typical gender identity development more than in understanding gender development in children with gender identity disorder.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Disorders of Sex Development* / genetics
  • Disorders of Sex Development* / physiopathology
  • Disorders of Sex Development* / psychology
  • Disorders of Sex Development* / surgery
  • Gender Identity*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Sex Determination Analysis / standards
  • Sexual Development / physiology*