Vaccines for the twenty-first century society

Nat Rev Immunol. 2011 Nov 4;11(12):865-72. doi: 10.1038/nri3085.


Vaccines have been one of the major revolutions in the history of mankind and, during the twentieth century, they eliminated most of the childhood diseases that used to cause millions of deaths. In the twenty-first century, vaccines will also play a major part in safeguarding people's health. Supported by the innovations derived from new technologies, vaccines will address the new needs of a twenty-first century society characterized by increased life expectancy, emerging infections and poverty in low-income countries.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / prevention & control
  • Developing Countries
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infection Control
  • Life Expectancy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Poverty
  • Pregnancy
  • Vaccination / trends*
  • Vaccines*
  • Vulnerable Populations
  • Young Adult


  • Vaccines