Cortical Parcellations of the Macaque Monkey Analyzed on Surface-Based Atlases

Cereb Cortex. 2012 Oct;22(10):2227-40. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhr290. Epub 2011 Nov 2.


Surface-based atlases provide a valuable way to analyze and visualize the functional organization of cerebral cortex. Surface-based registration (SBR) is a primary method for aligning individual hemispheres to a surface-based atlas. We used landmark-constrained SBR to register many published parcellation schemes to the macaque F99 surface-based atlas. This enables objective comparison of both similarities and differences across parcellations. Cortical areas in the macaque vary in surface area by more than 2 orders of magnitude. Based on a composite parcellation derived from 3 major sources, the total number of macaque neocortical and transitional cortical areas is estimated to be about 130-140 in each hemisphere.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cerebral Cortex / anatomy & histology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Connectome / methods*
  • Macaca mulatta / anatomy & histology*
  • Macaca mulatta / physiology*
  • Models, Anatomic*
  • Models, Neurological*