Epidemiology and economic impact of obesity and type 2 diabetes

Surg Clin North Am. 2011 Dec;91(6):1163-72, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2011.08.001. Epub 2011 Oct 2.


Obesity has become a major public health concern in the United States and the rest of the world. This disease carries significant health risks that encompass several organ systems. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a major comorbidity of obesity that predisposes patients to significant end-organ damage. The prevalence of obesity and diabetes is increasing worldwide, and the economic impact of these diseases currently assumes a significant portion of health care expenditure. These factors mandate implementation of therapeutic medical and surgical strategies that target prevention and treatment of obesity and its related medical conditions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adiposity / physiology
  • Body Composition
  • Body Mass Index
  • Comorbidity
  • Cost of Illness
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / economics*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Global Health
  • Health Care Costs
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Obesity / economics*
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology