Physical, chemical, and biological properties of wonder kelp--Laminaria

Adv Food Nutr Res. 2011:64:85-96. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387669-0.00007-7.


Laminaria is a kelp that finds its place in the brown algae family. It has been an area of study for past many years, and its wonderful biological properties have always attracted medical professionals and researchers to explore more and more from this wonder kelp. The constituents of Laminaria include iodine, potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron. Iodine compounds, TEA-hydroiodide in particular, are great lipolytic agents as they stimulate lipase activity. Laminarins on the other hand are used as a tumor angiogenic blocker. This genus of the kelps is also rich in algin, a high molecular weight polysaccharide that forms viscous colloidal solutions or gels in water leading to the use of kelp derivatives as bulk laxatives. It has great applications in cosmeceutical science, as well as some antibacterial properties have also been assigned to Laminaria. A deeper insight into the physical, biological, and chemical properties of this wonder kelp would lead to further exploitation of Laminaria for medicinal and cosmeceutical purpose.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ecosystem
  • Laminaria / chemistry*
  • Laminaria / classification
  • Laminaria / genetics
  • Laminaria / physiology*
  • Oceans and Seas
  • Reproduction