Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) 4 G/5 G polymorphism and endometrial cancer. Influence of PAI-1 polymorphism on tissue PAI-1 antigen and mRNA expression and tumor severity

Thromb Res. 2012 Aug;130(2):242-7. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2011.10.007. Epub 2011 Nov 4.


Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) 4G/5G polymorphism may have significance for PAI-1 expression. High levels of PAI-1 in endometrial cancer patients are associated with a poor prognosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism in women with and without endometrial cancer and to analyze the influence of this polymorphism on PAI-1 expression in endometrial tissue. In 423 women (212 patients with endometrial cancer and 211 controls) PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism was determined by PCR amplification using allele-specific primers. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay was used to quantify PAI-1 mRNA and PAI-1 protein levels were quantified by ELISA in tissue extracts from 33 patients with endometrial cancer and from 70 endometrial tissues from control women. The frequency of PAI-1 4G/4G genotype (P=0.010) and the PAI-1 4G allele (P=0.009) was significantly higher in patients than in controls. The frequency of PAI-1 4G allele was significantly higher in patients with stage IB than in those with stage IA (P=0.03). Control women with the 4G/4G genotype had higher endometrial PAI-1 protein (P=0.018) and mRNA (P=0.004) levels than those with the 5G/5G genotype. A significant increase in PAI-1 protein and mRNA was observed in endometrial cancer tissue in comparison with the endometrial tissue from control women (P<0.01). In conclusion, frequencies of the PAI-1 4G allele and 4G/4G genotype were found significantly more often in women with endometrial cancer than in controls. PAI-1 levels in endometrial tissue seem to be associated with PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism. These findings suggest that the PAI-1 4G/4G genotype may be associated with the risk of endometrial cancer in a Caucasian population. Further studies with a larger number of patients are needed to clarify the influence of this PAI-1 polymorphism in endometrial cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Endometrium / metabolism*
  • Endometrium / pathology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics


  • Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
  • RNA, Messenger