Definitions and outcome measures for bullous pemphigoid: recommendations by an international panel of experts

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Mar;66(3):479-85. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2011.06.032. Epub 2011 Nov 5.


Our scientific knowledge of bullous pemphigoid (BP) has dramatically progressed in recent years. However, despite the availability of various therapeutic options for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, only a few multicenter controlled trials have helped to define effective therapies in BP. A major obstacle in sharing multicenter-based evidences for therapeutic efforts is the lack of generally accepted definitions for the clinical evaluation of patients with BP. Common terms and end points of BP are needed so that experts in the field can accurately measure and assess disease extent, activity, severity, and therapeutic response, and thus facilitate and advance clinical trials. These recommendations from the International Pemphigoid Committee represent 2 years of collaborative efforts to attain mutually acceptable common definitions for BP and proposes a disease extent score, the BP Disease Area Index. These items should assist in the development of consistent reporting of outcomes in future BP reports and studies.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Consensus
  • Dermatology / standards*
  • Humans
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care*
  • Pemphigoid, Bullous / diagnosis*
  • Severity of Illness Index*