Pedestrian crash trends and potential countermeasures from around the world

Accid Anal Prev. 2012 Jan;44(1):3-11. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2010.12.007. Epub 2011 Mar 1.


As automobile transportation continues to increase around the world, bicyclists, pedestrians, and motorcyclists, also known as vulnerable road users (VRUs), will become more susceptible to traffic crashes, especially in countries where traffic laws are poorly enforced. Many countries, however, are employing innovative strategies to ensure that road users can more safely navigate the urban landscape. While bicyclists and motorcyclists are important road users, this paper will focus on pedestrian crash problems and solutions. Pedestrians are most at risk in urban areas due in part to the large amount of pedestrian and vehicle activity in urban areas. With this in mind, designing safe, accessible, and comprehensive facilities for pedestrians is vital to reducing pedestrian crashes. This paper will provide some insight into the magnitude of the pedestrian crash problem around the world, and will offer some lessons learned from several countries, particularly in Europe and the U.S., for improving pedestrian safety. Beginning with pedestrian safety statistics at the global, regional, and national levels, this paper will address potential countermeasures and strategies for improving pedestrian safety from an international perspective.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / mortality
  • Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
  • Accidents, Traffic / trends
  • Adolescent
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • City Planning*
  • Environment Design*
  • Female
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Protective Devices
  • Risk Factors
  • Safety Management / methods
  • Safety Management / organization & administration
  • Walking* / injuries
  • Walking* / statistics & numerical data