Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy: a novel technique

Dis Colon Rectum. 2011 Dec;54(12):1542-6. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0b013e31822b71eb.


Background: Laparoscopic surgery has become a favorable alternative to conventional open surgery for the creation of intestinal stomas, and it offers many benefits including reduced postoperative pain, ileus, and hospital stay. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has been described for many abdominal operations. It may offer better cosmetic outcomes and reduce incisional pain, adhesions, and recovery time.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to describe a novel technique of scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy for fecal diversion and to report our experience with 8 patients who underwent this procedure within a 1-year period.

Design: This study was designed as a retrospective case series.

Settings: This investigation was conducted at a single-institution, tertiary referral center.

Patients: Eight consecutive patients undergoing scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy between August 2009 and August 2010 were included.

Intervention: Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomies were performed.

Main outcome measures: Among the outcomes measured were operation time, intraoperative blood loss, recovery of intestinal function, length of hospital stay, and surgical complications.

Results: Seven patients underwent surgery for active Crohn's disease refractory to medical therapy. One patient underwent surgery for radiation-induced rectovesical fistula. Median surgery time was 76 minutes, and median intraoperative blood loss was 10 mL. Median length of postoperative hospitalization was 7 days. Of the 8 patients included in our series, 2 patients (25%) required reoperation for stoma ischemia because of vascular congestion that we attribute to a tight fascial opening or extensive bowel manipulation. Other surgical complications included nonoperative readmission for ileus and partial small-bowel obstruction (n = 2), anal dilation to evacuate an obstructed distal colon (n = 1), and peristomal cellulitis (n = 1).

Limitations: This study was limited by its small sample size and its retrospective nature.

Conclusion: Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy is a feasible alternative to standard laparoscopy for fecal diversion. Surgeons attempting this technique should do so with caution, given the high stoma ischemia rate in our small case series.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Loss, Surgical / statistics & numerical data
  • Cicatrix / prevention & control
  • Crohn Disease / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ileostomy / methods*
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Recovery of Function
  • Rectal Fistula / surgery*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome