Background: Laparoscopic surgery has become a favorable alternative to conventional open surgery for the creation of intestinal stomas, and it offers many benefits including reduced postoperative pain, ileus, and hospital stay. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has been described for many abdominal operations. It may offer better cosmetic outcomes and reduce incisional pain, adhesions, and recovery time.
Objective: In this study, we aimed to describe a novel technique of scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy for fecal diversion and to report our experience with 8 patients who underwent this procedure within a 1-year period.
Design: This study was designed as a retrospective case series.
Settings: This investigation was conducted at a single-institution, tertiary referral center.
Patients: Eight consecutive patients undergoing scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy between August 2009 and August 2010 were included.
Intervention: Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomies were performed.
Main outcome measures: Among the outcomes measured were operation time, intraoperative blood loss, recovery of intestinal function, length of hospital stay, and surgical complications.
Results: Seven patients underwent surgery for active Crohn's disease refractory to medical therapy. One patient underwent surgery for radiation-induced rectovesical fistula. Median surgery time was 76 minutes, and median intraoperative blood loss was 10 mL. Median length of postoperative hospitalization was 7 days. Of the 8 patients included in our series, 2 patients (25%) required reoperation for stoma ischemia because of vascular congestion that we attribute to a tight fascial opening or extensive bowel manipulation. Other surgical complications included nonoperative readmission for ileus and partial small-bowel obstruction (n = 2), anal dilation to evacuate an obstructed distal colon (n = 1), and peristomal cellulitis (n = 1).
Limitations: This study was limited by its small sample size and its retrospective nature.
Conclusion: Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy is a feasible alternative to standard laparoscopy for fecal diversion. Surgeons attempting this technique should do so with caution, given the high stoma ischemia rate in our small case series.