Smoking cessation in hospital workers: effectiveness of a coordinated program in 33 hospitals in Catalonia (Spain)

Cancer Nurs. Sep-Oct 2012;35(5):327-36. doi: 10.1097/NCC.0b013e3182321389.

Abstract

Background: The Catalan Network of Smoke-free Hospitals coordinates a smoking cessation program addressed to hospital workers. The program included training in tobacco cessation, a common software, and free access to pharmacological treatments.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Catalan Network of Smoke-free Hospitals smoking cessation program for abstinence among workers of the 33 participating hospitals.

Methods: A total of 930 hospital workers (in 33 hospitals) attended the cessation units between July 2005 and December 2007. The program included active follow-up during 6 months after quitting. We calculated 6-month abstinence probabilities by means of Kaplan-Meier curves according to gender, age, years of tobacco consumption, profession, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) score, and use of pharmacotherapy.

Results: Overall abstinence probability was 0.504 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.431-0.570) at 6 months of follow-up. Abstinence was higher in men (0.526, 95% CI = 0.398-0.651) than in women (0.495, 95% CI = 0.410-0.581). Physicians had higher abstinence (0.659, 95% CI = 0.506-0.811) than nurses (0.463, 95% CI = 0.349-0.576). Workers with high nicotine dependence (FTND > 7) had lower abstinence probability (0.376, 95% CI = 0.256-0.495) than workers, with FTND score equal or below 6 (0.529, 95% CI = 0.458-0.599). We observed the highest abstinence probabilities in workers treated with combined pharmacotherapy (0.761, 95% CI = 0.588-0.933).

Conclusion: Significant predictors of abstinence were smoking 10 to 19 cigarettes/day, having present low or medium FTND score, and using combined treatment (nicotine replacement therapy and bupropion).

Implications for practice: The results show the feasibility and success of a smoking cessation program for hospital workers coordinated at the regional level.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Staff, Hospital / psychology*
  • Medical Staff, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Probability
  • Program Evaluation
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Spain
  • Time Factors