Background/aims: In an antiglomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis (GN) model, GN-resistant Lewis (LEW) rats naturally recover from early glomerular inflammation (days 21-23). We have previously identified a glomeruli-infiltrating CD8α(+)CD11(high)MHC II(+) cell (GIL CD8α(+) cell) in GN-prone Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, which terminates glomerular inflammation through inducing T cell apoptosis prior to glomerular fibrosis at days 35-40. We investigated if GIL CD8α(+) cells were also associated with the recovery in LEW rats.
Methods: GIL CD8α(+) cells in LEW rats were characterized; their infiltration was observed in connection with T cell apoptosis in glomeruli.
Results: An influx of GIL CD8α(+) cells into inflamed glomeruli was confirmed in the immunized LEW rats at days 17-22, which was much earlier than days 28-35 in WKY rats. Notably, LEW rats had a GIL CD8α(+)CD11(high) subpopulation after day 17, while WKY rats lacked this population until after day 30. Analyses further revealed a large number of clustered apoptotic CD4(+) or CD3(+) T cells in the glomeruli during recovery (day 23) in LEW rats, as compared to day 35 (transition to fibrosis) in WKY rats. Thus, infiltration of GIL CD8α(+) cells coincided with decline of glomerular inflammation and T cell apoptosis during recovery in LEW rats. Isolated GIL CD8α(+) cells were able to infiltrate glomeruli in both WKY and LEW rats at day 20.
Conclusion: Our data revealed a strong association between GIL CD8a+ cells and recovery from early glomerular inflammation. It raises a possibility of involvement of GIL CD8a+ cells in the recovery.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.