Stopped-flow investigation of antioxidant activity of estrogens in solution

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Sep 14;1035(3):348-52. doi: 10.1016/0304-4165(90)90099-i.


A kinetic study of the reaction between estrogens (female hormone) and substituted phenoxyl radical has been performed, as a model for the reactions of estrogens with lipid peroxyl radical in biological systems. The rates of reaction of estrogens (estrone 1, estradiol 2, 2-methoxyestrone 3, 3-methoxyestrone 4, and 2-hydroxyestrone 5) with substituted phenoxyl radical in benzene have been determined spectrophotometrically, using stopped-flow technique. The second-order rate constants, k2, obtained are 84 M-1.s-1 for 1, 138 M-1.s-1 for 2, 520 M-1.s-1 for 3, less than 10(-4) M-1.s-1 for 4, and 2.6 X 10(5) M-1.s-1 for 5 at 25.0 degrees C. 2-Hydroxyestrone 5 was found to be 2.9-times more active than alpha-tocopherol, which has the highest antioxidant activity among natural tocopherols. The order of magnitude of k2 value (1 less than 2 less than 3 less than alpha-Toc less than 5) is in agreement with that of in vitro tests of their antioxidant activities, as measured by the inhibition of lipid peroxidation. Further, similar measurements have been performed for the reaction between the above estrogens 1-5 and tocopheroxyl 6 in benzene solution. It was found that the estrogens having an OH group at the aromatic ring have an ability to regenerate the tocopheroxyl 6 to tocopherol. Especially, the 2-hydroxyestrone 5 showed about three orders of magnitude higher reactivity than ascorbic acid.

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / chemistry*
  • Ascorbic Acid / chemistry
  • Butylated Hydroxytoluene / chemistry
  • Estradiol / chemistry
  • Estradiol Congeners / chemistry
  • Estrogens / chemistry*
  • Estrone / chemistry
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Structure
  • Solutions
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Vitamin E / chemistry


  • Antioxidants
  • Estradiol Congeners
  • Estrogens
  • Solutions
  • Vitamin E
  • Butylated Hydroxytoluene
  • Estrone
  • Estradiol
  • Ascorbic Acid