Usefulness of Forensic Dental Symbols© and Dental Encoder© database in forensic odontology

J Forensic Sci. 2012 Jan;57(1):206-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01965.x. Epub 2011 Nov 10.


A new universal graphic dental system, Forensic Dental Symbols(©), has been created to provide precision in the construction of dental records, improve standardization, and increase efficiency in dental identification procedures. Two hundred and thirty-four different graphic symbols representing the most frequent clinical status for each tooth were designed. Symbols can be then converted to a typographic font and then are ready to use in any computer. For the appropriate use, manipulation, and storage of dental information generated by the Forensic Dental Symbols(©), Dental Encoder(©) database has been created. The database contains all the information required by INTERPOL Disaster Victim Identification (DVI)-dental-forms. To explore the possibilities that Dental Encoder(©) offers, an antemortem dental database from a Spanish population of 3920 military personnel had been constructed. Data generated by Dental Encoder(©) were classified into sex and age groups. The program can perform an automatic search of the database for cases that match a selected clinical status presented in a single tooth or a combination of situations for several teeth. Moreover, Dental Encoder(©) allows information to be printed on INTERPOL DVI-dental-forms, or the inclusion of any completed form into any document, technical report, or identification of dental report.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Computer Graphics*
  • Databases as Topic*
  • Female
  • Forensic Dentistry / instrumentation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • User-Computer Interface
  • Young Adult