Toward an evolutionary basis for resilience to drug addiction

Behav Brain Sci. 2011 Dec;34(6):310-1. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X11000677.


According to Müller & Schumann (M&S), people would have evolved adaptations for learning to use psychoactive plants and drugs as instruments that reveal particularly advantageous in modern urban environments. Here I "instrumentalize" this framework to propose an evolutionary basis for the existence of a biological resilience to drug addiction in people.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Drug Users / psychology*
  • Drug-Seeking Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Psychological Theory*
  • Psychomotor Performance / drug effects*
  • Self Medication / psychology*