The Mouse Genome Database (MGD): comprehensive resource for genetics and genomics of the laboratory mouse

Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Jan;40(Database issue):D881-6. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkr974. Epub 2011 Nov 10.


The Mouse Genome Database (MGD, is the international community resource for integrated genetic, genomic and biological data about the laboratory mouse. Data in MGD are obtained through loads from major data providers and experimental consortia, electronic submissions from laboratories and from the biomedical literature. MGD maintains a comprehensive, unified, non-redundant catalog of mouse genome features generated by distilling gene predictions from NCBI, Ensembl and VEGA. MGD serves as the authoritative source for the nomenclature of mouse genes, mutations, alleles and strains. MGD is the primary source for evidence-supported functional annotations for mouse genes and gene products using the Gene Ontology (GO). MGD provides full annotation of phenotypes and human disease associations for mouse models (genotypes) using terms from the Mammalian Phenotype Ontology and disease names from the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) resource. MGD is freely accessible online through our website, where users can browse and search interactively, access data in bulk using Batch Query or BioMart, download data files or use our web services Application Programming Interface (API). Improvements to MGD include expanded genome feature classifications, inclusion of new mutant allele sets and phenotype associations and extensions of GO to include new relationships and a new stream of annotations via phylogenetic-based approaches.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Databases, Genetic*
  • Disease / genetics
  • Genome
  • Genomics*
  • Mice / genetics*
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Software
  • Terminology as Topic