Systematic discovery of TLR signaling components delineates viral-sensing circuits

Cell. 2011 Nov 11;147(4):853-67. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2011.10.022.

Abstract

Deciphering the signaling networks that underlie normal and disease processes remains a major challenge. Here, we report the discovery of signaling components involved in the Toll-like receptor (TLR) response of immune dendritic cells (DCs), including a previously unkown pathway shared across mammalian antiviral responses. By combining transcriptional profiling, genetic and small-molecule perturbations, and phosphoproteomics, we uncover 35 signaling regulators, including 16 known regulators, involved in TLR signaling. In particular, we find that Polo-like kinases (Plk) 2 and 4 are essential components of antiviral pathways in vitro and in vivo and activate a signaling branch involving a dozen proteins, among which is Tnfaip2, a gene associated with autoimmune diseases but whose role was unknown. Our study illustrates the power of combining systematic measurements and perturbations to elucidate complex signaling circuits and discover potential therapeutic targets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology*
  • Dendritic Cells / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 / metabolism
  • Interferons / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Toll-Like Receptors / metabolism*
  • Viruses*

Substances

  • IRF3 protein, human
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3
  • Toll-Like Receptors
  • Interferons
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE28520