We have recently shown that immunization against the extra domain-B (ED-B) of fibronectin, using Freund's adjuvant, reduces tumor growth in mice by 70%. In the present study we compare the immune response generated against ED-B using the non-toxic and biodegradable adjuvant Montanide ISA 720/CpG with the response elicited by Freund's adjuvant. Montanide ISA 720/CpG induced anti-ED-B antibodies with higher avidity and less variable levels between individuals than Freund's. Moreover, the duration of the immune response was longer and the generation of anti-ED-B antibodies in naïve mice was faster, when Montanide ISA 720/CpG was used. We conclude that it is possible to replace the mineral oil based adjuvant Freund's with an adjuvant acceptable for human use, which is a prerequisite for transfer of the ED-B vaccine to the clinic.
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