Telomerase and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Mutat Res. 2012 Feb 1;730(1-2):52-8. doi: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2011.10.013. Epub 2011 Nov 4.


Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common manifestation of telomere-mediated disorders. Germline mutations in the essential telomerase genes, hTERT and hTR, are the causal genetic defect in up to one-sixth of pulmonary fibrosis families. The presence of telomerase mutations in this subset is significant for clinical decisions as affected individuals can develop extra-pulmonary complications related to telomere shortening such as bone marrow failure and cryptogenic liver cirrhosis. There is also evidence that IPF is an ancestral manifestation of autosomal dominant telomere syndromes where, with successive generations, the disease evolves from pulmonary fibrosis into a bone marrow failure-predominant disorder, defining a unique form of genetic anticipation. Here I review the significance of telomere defects for understanding the genetics, disease patterns and pathophysiology of IPF. The importance of this diagnosis for patient care decisions will also be discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Bone Marrow Diseases / complications
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita / genetics
  • Emphysema / genetics
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / genetics*
  • Telomerase / genetics*
  • Telomere Shortening*


  • Telomerase