Background: Burns in children are a major public health problem with long-lasting physical and psychological sequelae. Previous studies have identified that children from ethnic minorities have higher rates of burns.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyse the differences in paediatric burn mechanism and severity within different ethnic groups.
Methods: Demographic and burn data from all paediatric patients presenting with burn at the Burns Service, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK were collected over a 5 year period.
Results: 766 paediatric patients (age range: 7 days to 16 years old, mean: 4.5 years) were included in the study. Ethnic minority children had higher total body surface area of burn (p<0.001) and length of stay (p<0.001) compared with non-ethnic minority children. Chinese children had most burns from hot food (60%), whereas non-ethnic minority children had most burns from hot beverages (35.8%). Ethnic minority children were more deprived compared with non-ethnic minority children (Index of Multiple Deprivation 48.7 vs. 40.9; p=0.02).
Conclusion: These results show that there are significant differences in the patterns of burns in ethnic minority groups. This data should guide targeted public health prevention and educational strategies.
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