Serine/threonine phosphatase Stp1 mediates post-transcriptional regulation of hemolysin, autolysis, and virulence of group B Streptococcus

J Biol Chem. 2011 Dec 23;286(51):44197-44210. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.313486. Epub 2011 Nov 11.


Elucidating how serine/threonine phosphatases regulate kinase function and bacterial virulence is critical for our ability to combat these infections. Group B streptococci (GBS) are β-hemolytic Gram-positive bacteria that cause invasive infections in humans. To adapt to environmental changes, GBS encodes signaling mechanisms comprising two component systems and eukaryotic-like enzymes. We have previously described the importance of the serine/threonine kinase Stk1 to GBS pathogenesis. However, how the presence or absence of the cognate serine/threonine phosphatase Stp1 affects Stk1 function and GBS virulence is not known. Here, we show that GBS deficient only in Stp1 expression are markedly reduced for their ability to cause systemic infections, exhibit decreased β-hemolysin/cytolysin activity, and show increased sensitivity to autolysis. Although transcription of genes important for β-hemolysin/cytolysin expression and export is similar to the wild type (WT), 294 genes (excluding stp1) showed altered expression in the stp1 mutant and included autolysin genes. Furthermore, phosphopeptide enrichment analysis identified that 35 serine/threonine phosphopeptides, corresponding to 27 proteins, were unique to the stp1 mutant. This included phosphorylation of ATP synthase, DNA and RNA helicases, and proteins important for cell division and protein synthesis. Collectively, our results indicate that Stp1 is important for appropriate regulation of Stk1 function, hemolysin activity, autolysis, and GBS virulence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Arylsulfotransferase / metabolism*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Hemolysin Proteins / chemistry
  • Hemolysin Proteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Microcirculation
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proteomics / methods
  • RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional
  • Rats
  • Streptococcus agalactiae / metabolism*
  • Virulence*


  • Hemolysin Proteins
  • Stk1 protein, Streptococcus agalactiae
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Arylsulfotransferase
  • SULT1A1 protein, human
  • Sult1a1 protein, rat
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases