Lentiviral-mediated RNAi knockdown yields a novel mouse model for studying Cyp2b function

Toxicol Sci. 2012 Feb;125(2):368-81. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfr309. Epub 2011 Nov 14.

Abstract

There are few in vivo knockout models available to study the function of Cyp2 members involved in the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous chemicals. These models may help provide insight into the cytochrome P450s (CYPs) responsible for the detoxification and activation of drugs, environmental toxicants, and endobiotics. The aim of this work is to produce a potent Cyp2b-knockdown (KD) mouse for subsequent study of Cyp2b function. We made a quintuple Cyp2b-KD mouse using lentiviral-promoted short hairpin RNA (shRNA) homologous to all five murine Cyp2b subfamily members (Cyp2b9, 2b10, 2b13, 2b19, and 2b23). The Cyp2b-KD mice are viable, fertile, and without obvious gross abnormalities except for an increase in liver weight. Expression of the three hepatic Cyp2b members, 2b9, 2b10, and 2b13, is significantly repressed as demonstrated by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. The constitutive androstane receptor activator, 1,4-Bis[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)] benzene (TCPOBOP), was used to determine if shRNA-mediated Cyp2b10 repression could be outcompeted by Cyp2b10 induction. TCPOBOP-treated Cyp2b-KD mice show 80-90% less Cyp2b protein expression than TCPOBOP-treated wild-type (WT) mice, demonstrating that Cyp induction does not outcompete the repressive function of the shRNA. Untreated and TCPOBOP-treated Cyp2b-KD mice are poor metabolizers of parathion compared with WT mice. Furthermore, Cyp2b-KD mice are sensitive to parathion, an organophosphate insecticide primarily metabolized by Cyp2b enzymes, when compared with WT mice. In summary, we designed an shRNA construct that repressed the expression and activity of multiple Cyp2b enzymes. We foresee that this novel Cyp2b-KD mouse model will significantly improve our understanding of the role of Cyp2b enzymes in chemical sensitivity and drug metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / deficiency*
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / genetics
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cytochrome P450 Family 2
  • Down-Regulation
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques*
  • Genetic Vectors*
  • Insecticides / metabolism
  • Insecticides / toxicity
  • Lentivirus / genetics*
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Parathion / metabolism
  • Parathion / toxicity
  • Pyridines / pharmacology
  • RNA Interference*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / agonists
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism
  • Steroid Hydroxylases / deficiency*
  • Steroid Hydroxylases / genetics

Substances

  • Insecticides
  • Pyridines
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • constitutive androstane receptor
  • Parathion
  • 1,4-bis(2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy))benzene
  • Steroid Hydroxylases
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • Cyp2b10 protein, mouse
  • Cyp2b19 protein, mouse
  • Cyp2b9 protein, mouse
  • Cytochrome P450 Family 2