Gross motor development in babies with treated idiopathic clubfoot

Pediatr Phys Ther. 2011 Winter;23(4):347-52. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318235244e.


Purpose: To investigate the effect of treated clubfoot disorder on gross motor skill level measured by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS).

Methods: Fifty-two babies participated: 26 were treated for idiopathic clubfoot (12 with the Ponseti treatment method, 9 with the French physical therapy technique, and 5 with a combination of both methods); 26 were babies who were typically developing and without medical diagnoses. The AIMS was administered at 3-month intervals.

Results: No significant differences in AIMS scores were found between the clubfoot and control groups at 3 and 6 months, but at 9 and 12 months the clubfoot group scored significantly lower. Babies who were typically developing were significantly more likely to be walking at 12 months than babies with clubfoot.

Conclusions: Treated clubfoot was associated with a mild delay in attainment of gross motor skills at 9 and 12 months of age.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Clubfoot / surgery
  • Clubfoot / therapy*
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Motor Skills / physiology*
  • Orthopedic Procedures
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Statistics, Nonparametric