Marginal hazard regression for correlated failure time data with auxiliary covariates

Lifetime Data Anal. 2012 Jan;18(1):116-38. doi: 10.1007/s10985-011-9209-x. Epub 2011 Nov 18.


In many biomedical studies, it is common that due to budget constraints, the primary covariate is only collected in a randomly selected subset from the full study cohort. Often, there is an inexpensive auxiliary covariate for the primary exposure variable that is readily available for all the cohort subjects. Valid statistical methods that make use of the auxiliary information to improve study efficiency need to be developed. To this end, we develop an estimated partial likelihood approach for correlated failure time data with auxiliary information. We assume a marginal hazard model with common baseline hazard function. The asymptotic properties for the proposed estimators are developed. The proof of the asymptotic results for the proposed estimators is nontrivial since the moments used in estimating equation are not martingale-based and the classical martingale theory is not sufficient. Instead, our proofs rely on modern empirical process theory. The proposed estimator is evaluated through simulation studies and is shown to have increased efficiency compared to existing methods. The proposed method is illustrated with a data set from the Framingham study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cohort Studies
  • Coronary Disease / etiology
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Regression Analysis*


  • Cholesterol