Community-based study of neurological disorders in Ethiopia: development of a screening instrument

Ethiop Med J. 1990 Jul;28(3):123-37.


This paper describes the development of a screening instrument for a community-based neuroepidemiological survey in a rural community in Ethiopia. A pilot study in 1984 to pre-test the questionnaires developed revealed that epilepsy, poliomyelitis, mental retardation and speech disturbances were the most common neurological disorders among the 3,000 rural inhabitants surveyed. The study suggested that a base-population of about 50,000 was required for a future major epidemiological survey to identify rare neurological disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Ethiopia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / instrumentation*
  • Mass Screening / methods
  • Mass Screening / standards
  • Middle Aged
  • Nervous System Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Nervous System Diseases / prevention & control
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prevalence
  • Rural Population
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*