Results of partial matrixectomy for chronic ingrown toenail

Foot Ankle Int. 2011 Sep;32(9):888-95. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2011.0888.


Background: Several treatment modalities which targeted partial matrixectomies, including chemical, laser matrixectomy, and partial nail avulsion, have been used in the dermatology, podiatry, and orthopaedic literature. We report our experience with surgical matrixectomy.

Methods: We treated 224 patients with severe ingrowing toenails. Segmental wedge resection of involved margin was performed. Followup time was a minimum of 10 months.

Results: Statistical analysis of recurrence and disease parameters such as stage of disease, infection, involved margin, previous surgery, followup time, and age showed no significant correlation (p>0.05). Twenty-two patients (9.8%) had a recurrence. Revision surgery was performed in 16 patients (7.1%).

Conclusion: We recommend the Winograd technique with a few modifications especially for severe Stage 2 and 3 cases. Both loupe magnification and observation of soft tissue in the postoperative period were important details.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Hallux
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nails, Ingrown / surgery*
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods
  • Recurrence
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult