Improving blood pressure control among adults with CKD and diabetes: provider-focused quality improvement using electronic health records

Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2011 Nov;18(6):406-11. doi: 10.1053/j.ackd.2011.10.005.

Abstract

Current evidence demonstrates poor provider knowledge and compliance to clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for CKD screening, blood pressure (BP) goals specific to people with diabetes mellitus (DM) and CKD, and underutilization or incorrect drug selection for antihypertensive therapy. This 12-week provider-focused quality improvement project sought to (1) increase primary care provider (PCP) adherence to CPG in the treatment and control of BP among adults with CKD and DM by using electronic health records (EHRs) and patient-level feedback (scorecards); (2) increase PCP delivery of basic CKD patient education by using EHR-based decision support; and (3) assess whether electronic decision support and scorecards changed provider behavior. The project included 46 PCPs, physicians, and nurse practitioners, in a statewide federally qualified health center that operates 12 comprehensive primary care sites in Connecticut. There were 6781 DM visits, among 3137 unique, racially diverse patients. There was a statistically significant increase in CKD screening, diagnosis, and use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin-receptor blocker. There was a statistically, but not clinically, significant increase in CKD basic education and ancillary service provider use when the provider was aware of the diagnosis or used EHR enhancements. EHR decision support and real-time provider feedback are necessary but not sufficient to improve uptake of CPG and to change PCP behavior.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Comorbidity
  • Connecticut
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Electronic Health Records*
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance
  • Quality Improvement
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / complications
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / drug therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Antihypertensive Agents