1. Both activities of hepatic collagenase and lysosomal enzymes (acid phosphatase, beta-glucuronidase and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase) have been observed in the recovery from experimental hepatic fibrosis in rats treated with carbon tetrachloride for 6 to 20 weeks, and compared with the disappearance of newly formed collagen fibers in the recovery process. 2. In the process of experimental hepatic fibrosis, collagenase activity reached maximum on sethe accumulation of collagen fibers in reversible hepatic fibrosis, but decreased to the same level as that of non-treated rat liver in cirrhotic stage. In the reocvery from reversible hepatic fibrosis, collagenase activity reached maximum on second day after the discontinuation of carbon tetrachloride, and decreased to the same extent of that of non-treated rat liver on seventh day. 3. Lysosomal enzyme activity was parallel to the activity of hepatic collagenase and to the accumulation of collagen fibers in the process of hepatic fibrosis. In the recovery stage, lysosomal enzyme activity in mesenchymal cells within the septa increased markedly on second day after the discontinuation of toxic agent but turned to the same level of that of non-treated rat liver seven days later, which was consistent with the appearance and disappearance of collagenase activity. On the other hand the appearance of lysosomal enzymes activities in Kupffer cells and hepatocytes was different from that of collagenase activity. That is lysosomal enzyme activity in Kupffer cells decreased in early days but increased five days later, and the enzyme activity in hepatocytes markedly decreased but gradually recovered to normal level seven days later. 4. The appearance of collagenase was observed at the beginning of the recovery stage. It indicates that mammalian collagenase initiates the collagen degradation and lysosomal enzymes might have a role in the subsequent degradation of collagen.