Bacteriology and antibiotic resistance in chronic rhinosinusitis

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2012 Feb;20(1):87-91. doi: 10.1016/j.fsc.2011.10.010.


Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a prevalent health care problem that may be commonly encountered in patients desiring aesthetic or reconstructive rhinoplasty. The purpose of this article is to review the common bacterial pathogens associated with CRS, as well as patterns of bacterial resistance in this patient subset. Close understanding of microbial pathogens involved in CRS and their associated resistance patterns will guide facial plastic surgeons in optimally managing this important potential comorbidity, and in turn positively influence the outcome of rhinoplasty.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
  • Endoscopy
  • Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / complications*
  • Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Pseudomonas Infections / complications
  • Pseudomonas Infections / drug therapy
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / physiology
  • Rhinitis / drug therapy
  • Rhinitis / microbiology*
  • Rhinitis / surgery
  • Rhinoplasty*
  • Sinusitis / drug therapy
  • Sinusitis / microbiology*
  • Sinusitis / surgery
  • Staphylococcal Infections / complications*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / drug therapy
  • Staphylococcus aureus / physiology
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia / physiology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents