Elementary school staff knowledge and attitude with regard to first-aid management of dental trauma in Iran: a basic premise for developing future intervention

Dent Traumatol. 2012 Dec;28(6):441-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2011.01085.x. Epub 2011 Nov 17.


Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Iranian teachers' knowledge and attitude with regard to emergency management of dental trauma.

Material and methods: A four-part questionnaire, including demographic data, knowledge, attitude, and self-assessment, was given to 422 teachers from 14 schools. Data obtained from 400 completed questionnaires were statistically analyzed using t-test, one-way anova and Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: It was found that there was no statistically significant difference between knowledge and demographic variations (P > 0.05). However, there was a moderate positive association between knowledge and attitude toward emergency management of dental trauma (r = 0.38, P = 0.0001). The outcome indicated completely inadequate knowledge regarding the management of tooth fracture and avulsion. Most participants (94.3%) were unsatisfied with their awareness and suggested that further education on the topic should be offered.

Conclusions: The present study revealed considerably low knowledge of the participants regarding the first-aid management of dental trauma for the study group. As teachers get an opportunity to attend a case of dental trauma, strategies to improve the teachers' knowledge seem crucial.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Faculty*
  • Female
  • First Aid*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Schools
  • Self Report
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tooth Injuries / therapy*