Despite reports of patients with resuscitated sudden cardiac arrest (rSCA) receiving acute cardiac catheterization, the efficacy of this strategy is largely unknown. We hypothesized that acute cardiac catheterization of patients with rSCA would improve survival to hospital discharge. A retrospective cohort of 240 patients with out-of-hospital rSCA caused by ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation was identified from 11 institutions in Seattle, Washington from 1999 through 2002. Patients were grouped into those receiving acute catheterization within 6 hours (≤6-hour group, n = 61) and those with deferred catheterization at >6 hours or no catheterization during the index hospitalization (>6-hour group, n = 179). Attention was directed to survival to hospital discharge, neurologic status, extent of coronary artery disease, presenting electrocardiographic findings, and symptoms before arrest. Propensity-score methods were used to adjust for the likelihood of receiving acute catheterization. Survival was greater in patients who underwent acute catheterization (72% in the ≤6-hour group vs 49% in the >6-hour group, p = 0.001). Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in 38 of 61 patients (62%) in the ≤6-hour group and 13 of 170 patients (7%) in the >6-hour group (p <0.0001). Neurologic status was similar in the 2 groups. A significantly larger percentage of patients in the acute catheterization group had symptoms before cardiac arrest and had ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram after resuscitation. Age, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, daytime presentation, history of percutaneous coronary intervention or stroke, and acute ST-segment elevation were positively associated with receiving cardiac catheterization. In conclusion, in this series of patients who sustained out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, acute catheterization (<6 hours of presentation) was associated with improved survival.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.