It was investigated whether the ability of zinc (Zn) to prevent cadmium (Cd)-induced lipid peroxidation may be connected with its impact on glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and selenium (Se) concentration. GPx and Se were determined in the serum, liver and kidney of the rats that received Cd (5 or 50 mg/L) or/and Zn (30 mg/L) in drinking water for 6 months in whose the protective Zn impact was noted (Rogalska J, Brzóska MM, Roszczenko A, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J. Enhanced zinc consumption prevents cadmium-induced alterations in lipid metabolism in male rats. Chem Biol Interact 2009;177:142-52). Moreover, dependences between these parameters, and indices of lipid peroxidation (F(2)-isoprostane, lipid peroxides, oxidized low density lipoprotein cholesterol) as well as concentrations of Cd and Zn were estimated. The supplementation with Zn during the exposure to 5 mg Cd/L entirely antagonized the Cd-induced increase in GPx activity and Se concentration in the liver and kidney, but not in the serum. Zn administration during the treatment with 50 mg Cd/L totally or partially prevented from the Cd-caused decrease in GPx activity and Se concentration in the serum, liver and kidney. At the higher level of Cd exposure, GPx activity in the serum and tissues positively correlated with Se concentration. Moreover, numerous correlations were noted between GPx and/or Se and the indices of lipid peroxidation. The results indicate that the protective impact of Zn against the Cd-induced lipid peroxidation during the relatively high exposure might be connected with its beneficial influence on Se concentration and GPx activity in the serum and tissues, whereas this bioelement influence at the moderate exposure seems to be independent of GPx and Se.
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