The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of β-alanine supplementation on markers of oxidative stress. Twenty-four women (age: 21.7±2.1 years; VO2max: 2.6±0.3 l min(-1)) were randomly assigned, in a double-blind fashion, to a β-alanine (BA, 2×800 mg tablets, 3× daily; CarnoSyn®; n=13) or placebo (PL, 2×800 mg maltodextrin tablets, 3× daily; n=11) group. A graded oxygen consumption test (VO2max) was performed to evaluate VO2max, time to exhaustion, ventilatory threshold and establish peak velocity (PV). A 40-min treadmill run was used to induce oxidative stress. Total antioxidant capacity, superoxide dismutase, 8-isoprostane (8ISO) and reduced glutathione were measured. Heart rate and ratings of perceived exertion were recorded during the 40 min run. Separate three- [4×2×2; acute (base vs. IP vs. 2 vs. 4 h)×chronic (pre- vs. post-)×treatment (BA vs. PL)] and two- [2×2; time (pre-supplement vs. post-supplement)×treatment (BA vs. PL)] way ANOVAs were used for analyses. There was a significant increase in VO2max (p=0.009), independent of treatment, with no significant changes in TTE (p=0.074) or VT (p=0.344). Ratings of perceived exertion values were significantly improved from pre- to post-supplementation for the BA group only at 40 min (p=0.02). The ANOVA model demonstrated no significant treatment effects on oxidative stress. The chronic effects of BA supplementation demonstrated little antioxidant potential, in women, and little influence on aerobic performance assessments.