Myocardial edema imaging in acute coronary syndromes

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Dec;34(6):1243-50. doi: 10.1002/jmri.22737.


Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) continue to be the most common morbid condition of industrialized nations. The advent of and technical improvements in revascularization and medical therapy have led to a steady decline in mortality rates. However, many patients who suffer unstable angina or myocardial infarction require further testing and risk stratification to guide therapeutic selection and prognosis assignment. Myocardial edema imaging with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) affords the ability to define the amount of myocardium at risk, refine estimates of prognosis and provide guidance for therapies with excellent sensitivity compared with standard clinical markers. This review will discuss the rationale for edema imaging, how it is performed using CMR, and potential clinical applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome / pathology*
  • Acute Coronary Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Edema / pathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Myocardium / pathology*