Lymphoceles are the most frequent complications following systematic lymphadenectomy in gynaecologic cancers. Some of them may have clinical significance with high morbidity. Through a review of literature, we describe surgical methods (way of surgery, lymphadenectomy type, sentinel lymph node, peritonization, drainages, lymphostasis, surgical patch) and medical methods (somatostatin analogs and nutrition treatment) which could prevent lymphoceles formation after pelvic and lumboaortic lymphadenectomy.
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