International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in children with cerebral palsy

Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34(12):1053-8. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2011.631678. Epub 2011 Nov 22.


Purpose: We intended to describe how concepts from recent models of disability have been studied for evaluation of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their clinical implications.

Method: We revised studies that focused on the components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in children with CP.

Results: Researchers have reported that children with CP exhibit impairments in various body functions/structures, limitations in functional activities performance and experience poorer participation outcomes than their typical peers. Moreover, it has been showed that participation of children with CP was affected by environmental factors.

Conclusion: Therefore, evaluation and rehabilitation processes should be focused on the quality of life improvement by emphasizing what a child can and wants to execute within the environment. Also, environmental factors should be recognized so that barriers could be minimized and adaptations to the environment achieved. However, few studies have verified the interrelationship between contextual factors and the functioning and disability domains in children with CP. This would allow us to know about approaches specifically designed for these children's needs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / classification*
  • Adolescent
  • Cerebral Palsy / classification*
  • Cerebral Palsy / rehabilitation
  • Child
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Disabled Persons / classification*
  • Disabled Persons / rehabilitation
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Social Environment
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • World Health Organization