Tunneling magnetothermopower in magnetic tunnel junction nanopillars

Phys Rev Lett. 2011 Oct 21;107(17):177201. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.177201. Epub 2011 Oct 17.

Abstract

We study tunneling magnetothermopower (TMTP) in CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB magnetic tunnel junction nanopillars. Thermal gradients across the junctions are generated by an electric heater line. Thermopower voltages up to a few tens of μV between the top and bottom contact of the nanopillars are measured which scale linearly with the applied heating power and hence the thermal gradient. The thermopower signal varies by up to 10 μV upon reversal of the relative magnetic configuration of the two CoFeB layers from parallel to antiparallel. This signal change corresponds to a large spin-dependent Seebeck coefficient of the order of 100 μV/K and a large TMTP change of the tunnel junction of up to 90%.