Infant Aphakia Treatment Study: effects of persistent fetal vasculature on outcome at 1 year of age

J AAPOS. 2011 Oct;15(5):427-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2011.06.004.


Background: The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study is a randomized trial that compares the treatment of unilateral congenital cataract with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation versus aphakic contact lens (CLs). The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes for infants with lens opacity associated with persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) to those without.

Methods: Retrospective subgroup analysis of grating visual acuity at 1 year of age and adverse events up to 1 year after surgery in eyes identified intraoperatively as having evidence of mild PFV from the IATS.

Results: Of 83 infants, 18 (22%: 11 CL, 7 IOL) had PFV. Median logMAR visual acuity was 0.88 for patients with PFV and 0.80 for patients without PFV (P = 0.46). One or more adverse events up to 1 year after surgery occurred in 12 infants (67%) with PFV and 30 infants (46%) without PFV (P = 0.18). The incidence of adverse events was significantly greater in patients with PFV compared with patients without PFV in the CL group (55% vs 20%, P = 0.049) but not in the IOL group (86% vs 71%, P = 0.65), possibly because all children receiving IOLs had greater rates of adverse events when compared with aphakic children (73% vs 29%, P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Aphakic infants with mild PFV treated with CL had a greater incidence of adverse events after lensectomy compared with children with other forms of unilateral congenital cataract; nevertheless, similar visual outcomes at 1 year after surgery were obtained.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aphakia, Postcataract / surgery*
  • Cataract / complications
  • Cataract / congenital
  • Cataract / therapy*
  • Cataract Extraction / adverse effects*
  • Contact Lenses / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / adverse effects*
  • Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous / complications*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome