Reconstruction of cranial and maxillofacial defects is a challenging task. The standard reconstruction method has been bone grafting. In this review, we shall describe the biological principles of bone graft healing, as pertinent to craniofacial reconstruction. Different types and sources of bone grafts will be discussed, as well as new methods of bone defect reconstruction.
Keywords: Bone grafts; bone; bone augmentation; bone substitutes; craniofacial; maxillofacial; reconstruction; regeneration; vascularized.