Dynamic flux balance analysis for pharmaceutical protein production by Pichia pastoris: human growth hormone

Enzyme Microb Technol. 2011 Mar 7;48(3):209-16. doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2010.09.016. Epub 2010 Oct 8.


The influence of methanol feeding rate on intracellular reaction network of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) producing Pichia pastoris was investigated at three different specific growth rates, namely, 0.02 (MS-0.02), 0.03 (MS-0.03), and 0.04 h(-1) (MS-0.04) where Period-I (33 ≤ t <42 h) includes the early exponential growth phase; Period-II (42 ≤ t<48 h) is the exponential growth phase where the specific cell growth rate decreases; Period-III (48 ≤ t ≤51 h) is the exponential growth phase where rhGH concentration was the highest; and Period-IV (t>51 h) is the diminution phase for rhGH and cell synthesis. In Period-I, almost all of the formaldehyde entered the assimilatory pathway, at MS-0.02 and MS-0.03, whereas, at MS-0.04 high methanol feeding rate resulted in an adaptation problem. In Period-III, only at MS-0.02 co-carbon source sorbitol uptake-flux was active showing that sorbitol uptake does not affected from the predetermined feeding rate of methanol at μ(0)>0.02 h(-1). The biomass synthesis flux value was the highest in Period-I, -II and -III, respectively at MS-0.03 & MS-0.04, MS-0.04 and MS-0.02; whereas, rhGH flux was the highest in Period-I, -II, and -III, respectively at MS-0.03, MS-0.02 and MS-0.03. Based on the fluxes, Period-I should start with MS-0.03 methanol feeding rate and starting from the middle of Period-II methanol feeding rate should be shifted to MS-0.02.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomass
  • Bioreactors
  • Biotechnology / methods
  • Drug Industry
  • Fermentation
  • Human Growth Hormone / biosynthesis*
  • Humans
  • Methanol / metabolism*
  • Pichia / growth & development
  • Pichia / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Sorbitol / metabolism


  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Sorbitol
  • Methanol