Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with that of dynamic contrast material-enhanced (DCE) MR imaging in evaluating the depth of myometrial invasion and overall stage in patients with endometrial cancer.
Materials and methods: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study; patient consent was not required. From May 2008 to February 2010, 48 women with endometrial cancer underwent preoperative MR imaging, including T1- and T2-weighted imaging, DW MR imaging (b=0 and 800 sec/mm2) and DCE MR imaging. Two radiologists independently interpreted the depth of myometrial invasion, overall stage, and presence of pitfalls associated with inaccurate assessment of myometrial invasion at T1- and T2-weighted imaging, DW MR imaging, and DCE MR imaging. Myometrial invasion and overall stage were compared by using the McNemar test, and κ statistics were used for reader agreement.
Results: For assessing the depth of myometrial invasion, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity, respectively, were as follows: DW MR imaging-reader 1, 90%, 84%, and 100%; reader 2, 85%, 84%, and 88%; DCE MR imaging-reader 1, 71%, 61%, and 88%; reader 2, 79%, 77%, and 82%. The improvement in diagnostic accuracy for reader 1 was significant (P=.035). For myometrial invasion, κ values were 0.75 with DW MR imaging and 0.26 with DCE MR imaging. There was no association between inaccurate assessment of myometrial invasion and standard pitfalls with DW MR imaging. Readers 1 and 2 correctly staged more patients by using DW MR imaging (39 and 38 patients, respectively) than by using DCE MR imaging (29 and 30 patients, respectively) (P<.05). For overall stage, κ values were 0.74 with DW MR imaging and 0.22 with DCE MR imaging.
Conclusion: DW MR imaging has superior diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of myometrial invasion and significantly higher staging accuracy compared with DCE MR imaging.
© RSNA, 2011