Effect of lifestyle, education and socioeconomic status on periodontal health

Contemp Clin Dent. 2010 Jan;1(1):23-6. doi: 10.4103/0976-237X.62516.


Background: The health model which forms the basis is knowledge, attitude, temporary, and permanent behaviors. Currently, more emphasis has been directed towards the combined influence of lifestyle, education, levels and socioeconomic factors, instead of regular risk factors in dealing with chronic illnesses. The present study is conducted to correlate the periodontal health of people with reference to lifestyle, education level, and socioeconomic status.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Periodontics, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore. A total of 1350 subjects were examined and 948 patients were randomly selected from out patient department. Information about their lifestyle, education level, and socioeconomic status were recorded using a questionnaire and correlated with the periodontal status.

Results: The statistical analysis showed significant decrease in periodontitis when income and education levels increased. Also the prevalence of periodontitis associated with a healthy lifestyle is significantly lower when compared to an unhealthy lifestyle.

Conclusions: There is a strong association of lifestyle, education level, and socioeconomic status with periodontal health.

Keywords: Gingivitis; Lifestyle; Periodontitis; Socioeconomic status.